What Kind of Health Problems Are More Frequent in Maltese Dogs?

What Kind of Health Problems Are More Frequent in Maltese Dogs?
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No one wants to see their pet sick. However, just like humans, they are susceptible to health issues, and each breed of dog has its own vulnerabilities. The Maltese dog is such a friendly and playful pet that it can be challenging to observe them when they are unhappy. The following are some of the general health issues you may encounter if you acquire such a dog, but this should not deter you.

The Maltese Dog Is a Wonderful Companion for Any Family

The Maltese, like most dogs, has a life expectancy of at least 12 years. It is easily recognizable, as it has become a dog that many families choose to adopt. It has a wonderful, expressive personality that will always seek you out and maintain your interest. Small and intelligent, it can live in an apartment or a house with ease, though it prefers to run outside. It is typically quite robust and healthy. It is the type of dog that both parents and children adore.

Be Prepared

Each breed of dog is predisposed to a unique set of health problems. Ask the breeder about the genetic history of the dog’s family so you won’t have to worry about hereditary diseases when you decide to acquire this dog. However, they do have genetic issues that are unrelated to their personal history.

Maltese is a small breed of dog. Its size contributes to some of its issues, as it renders it more fragile than other breeds. Nonetheless, there are a few diseases to which they are more susceptible. Again, keep in mind that choosing a Maltese does not imply that he will suffer from these diseases. However, it is always preferable to be aware of the danger beforehand so that you can protect them as much as possible or not be surprised if they contract one of the illnesses listed below.

Various Potential Illnesses


The eyes of Maltese dogs are fragile. They are susceptible to retinal atrophy. As the light fades, you may notice that your dog will eventually begin to bump into things around your home. He may even become disoriented in an environment where he was once completely at ease. There are additional eye disorders that may affect this dog breed. Conjunctivitis, corneal abrasions, and corneal ulcers are examples.


All dogs can suffer from dental problems. You must supply them with cleaning cookies. Not only do they adore them, but they will also keep their teeth and gums healthy, which is one of the breed’s afflictions. If you do not ensure that their teeth are cleaned on a regular basis, they may develop plaque and tartar, which can lead to periodontal disease.


Occasionally, the liver within a Maltese dog does not develop normally. This condition is known as liver shunt. It will affect your dog because his circulatory system will be underdeveloped. If your dog has this condition, he will experience vomiting, disorientation, and even seizures. Those with liver shunt typically do not grow very large and remain weaker throughout their lives. However, it is possible to perform surgery on your animal in order for him to recover.


Taking your dog for blood tests is probably a good idea if he develops sudden lethargy. Quite possibly, he has hypoglycemia. In addition, it would manifest in his behavior as weakness, restlessness, and tremors. Take him to a veterinarian immediately if you observe these symptoms so that he can be diagnosed and treated. In this case, you will find your happy dog once more.

Luxated Patella

Poor Maltese patellas are weak. It is readily dislodged. When this occurs, your puppy may require surgical intervention to reposition the limb. If you observe the animal beginning to hop, a luxated patella is almost certainly the cause.


Do not freak out if you find blood in your dog’s poop one morning. Possibly, he has colitis. It is commonplace. This condition is an inflammation of the large intestine that also causes vomiting and diarrhea.

Tracheal collapse

Tracheal collapse can affect a great number of small dog breeds. When a dog inhales, the tracheal ring collapses because it is insufficiently sturdy.

Tracheal collapse is one of the Maltese dog breed’s health issues. Chihuahuas, Pomeranians, Maltese, and Toy Poodles are also susceptible to this condition. Tracheal collapse indicates that the tracheal rings lack normal rigidity, leading to the collapse of the trachea wall when the dog inhales.

How can health issues in Maltese dogs be avoided?

A devoted Maltese owner must do everything possible to maintain his dog’s health by providing preventative care, nutritious food, and adequate exercise. To maintain the health and happiness of your dog, you should establish a routine that is not only beneficial for your dog but also for you.